The 5 Steps in Filing a Personal Injury Lawsuit

The 5 Steps in Filing a Personal Injury Lawsuit
Calendar icon April 21, 2022

For many people, a personal injury resulting from someone else’s negligence is something that may only happen once in their lifetime. Because of this, there may be a lot of questions surrounding how to file a personal injury lawsuit or how long it will take for them to receive compensation for their injuries if they decide to pursue legal action. 

If you have been seriously injured in an accident where someone else has acted negligently, a personal injury attorney can help you to recover the maximum compensation you deserve for your injuries through the means of a personal injury lawsuit. 

Learning the steps involved with filing a personal injury lawsuit is important for knowing exactly what you can expect. These are the 5 steps that are typically taken when filing a personal injury lawsuit.

Step 1: Consult With A Personal Injury Attorney

It’s important that you speak with a personal injury attorney as soon as possible after your accident occurs. Whether you have soft tissue damage, broken bones, or a more serious injury, the insurance company for the at-fault person will likely try to coerce information out of you to diminish the settlement amount they’re willing to offer for your injuries sustained.

In order to protect your rights, your attorney will advise you to not speak to the insurance company. 

During your initial consultation with your attorney, he or she may ask  for a copy of an accident report, what caused the accident, what limitations you are experiencing due to the accident, or to see a copy of your medical bills in relation to your injuries. 

Step 2: Investigation of the Accident

To better understand who is fully at fault for the accident you were involved in, your attorney may need more information than what was provided by you. Your attorney may need more evidence to determine who or what was responsible for your injuries. 

Your attorney may also ask to collect statements from any witnesses to the accident, check security footage, or even speak to experts to understand how another party’s negligence was the reason for your injuries. 

Step 3: A Claim for Compensation is Filed

Once your attorney has performed an investigation including obtaining all necessary outside evidence related to your accident, they will contact the responsible party’s insurance company and file a personal injury claim.

For a straightforward accident, like a car crash where there is a single person at fault, you may only need to file a single claim. In a more complex accident where there may be multiple parties at fault for your injuries, you may need to issue an individual claim against each at-fault party. 

Step 4: Negotiation

Once the initial claim or claims are filed and your medical treatments are completed, the insurance company may send a settlement offer. Your attorney can make recommendations, but ultimately it will be your decision on whether or not the offer is fair and reasonable. 

Many injury victims will choose to not accept the initial offer made by insurance companies, even though having an experienced attorney on your side can automatically increase their initial settlement amount. In some personal injury cases, your attorney may go back and forth several times to negotiate with the insurance company before a settlement is reached. 

If your reach an agreement with the insurance company, your claims process ends here. If you are unable to reach a settlement agreement that both parties find fair and reasonable, the next step is for your claim to go to court. 

Step 5: Taking Your Claim to Court

If you and your attorney cannot reach an agreement with the insurance company, you will need to file a court case. This step can be broken down into four different phases:

  • Discovery: During this phase, your attorney and the insurance company will work to gather as much information they need — this can include information from witnesses, video cameras, or any other form of evidence that is readily available. It could also include giving a deposition or testimony under oath. 
  • Mediation: Before the case goes to trial, you, your attorney and an attorney representing the insurance company may have an opportunity to sit with a mediator to discover whether or not you can reach an agreement.
  • Trial: If you are not able to reach a settlement, you will have the opportunity to take your claim directly before a judge and jury who can issue a final ruling on your claim.  
  • Appeals: If you feel as though the trial failed to achieve the resolution that reflects the full compensation you deserve for your injuries, you can sometimes appeal the verdict. Likewise, the insurance company also appeal the verdict if they feel it does not reflect a proper resolution to the claim. 

If you have been injured due to someone else’s negligence – whether it be a car accident, slip and fall, or even medical malpractice – it’s important to have an experienced personal injury attorney on your side to help guide you through the process. If you have been injured, don’t wait. Call the attorneys at Cellino Law today. 



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  • I just want to let you know that I did receive my settlement check. More importantly, I want to thank you again for all you did for both me and my family. I could not be more pleased with my experience at Cellino Law. From the moment I first spoke with you I felt comfortable - you took a sincere interest in my case, clearly explained the process and effected a quick settlement. From this day forward, when someone asks if I can recommend a good lawyer I will, without hesitation, say "Cellino Law". Thanks again.


  • We want to send a big "Thank you" from the both of us. We know you both fought for us and did a great job with our case. You did it in a timely manner and we appreciate it.

    Kerrijo & Jerry

  • My wife and I would like to take this opportunity to thank you for a fantastic job as our attorney. We could not have been more pleased with the work you and your team has done on this case. This past four years or so has been such a roller coaster for our family. We are very pleased and grateful with the result. We have made a good choice by choosing you. Thank you.


  • Cellino Law and more specifically my attorney, Gregory V. Pajak, Managing Attorney, and as a whole the Cellino Law Firm and its organization. This is by far one of the most professional law firms and attorney I have ever engaged with and retained in my 35 years. The level of professionalism goes beyond words, the care and constant engagement with me as the client was touching. I was never ever just treated as simply a CASE with potentially a significant dollar number attached to my file. I was engaged regularly, Tracey (Ass’t) and Greg always made sure to remain constant, as well as consistent in overseeing that my case was handled properly and that it did matter in many ways - ensuring that the end result(s) would be fair and reasonable to my case/injury. The regular follow-up calls were very satisfying, knowing that you’re involved in your case matters significantly AND always. One of my main items to recognize Cellino Law and Gregory is that whenever I called, I was able to get through to speak directly to my Lawyer and he would answer any if not all of my questions in a very professional and genuinely caring manner. I always felt cared for and protected legally and more importantly, I was made feel as a human being that was being cared for and always keeping me abreast of all matters connected to the case. There was never a point I felt let down, on the contrary -the level of service was “STELLAR”. Greg is the consummate professional, a ‘role model’, if you will, for what other attorneys should strive to become when dealing with their clients.


  • Thank you for your efforts on my behalf. I am very pleased (and surprised) at the amount of the settlement. We will use the funds to help pay down the debt on the truck we had to purchase after ours was totaled. Thank you again.


  • Thank you for all your help. It has been a long journey. At last, the light at the end of the tunnel. Also, thank Tom for the help and work he put in.