Do I Need A Lawyer For A Head-On Collision In Rochester, NY?

The state of New York definitely sees its share of car crashes. Every year, about 1,000 New Yorkers die in traffic accidents. Sadly, 51 of those fatalities occurred in Monroe County in 2020 — a five-year high. Monroe County was also the sixth-highest in the state for car accident fatalities in 2020.

Head-on collisions are among the most dangerous and deadly types of car crashes. While they are not the most common crash, they represent many fatalities.

What Is a Head-On Collision?

A head-on collision happens when the front ends of two vehicles hit each other while traveling in opposite directions. You may also hear the term frontal impact to describe the same event.

Whatever you call it, a head-on collision is very dangerous. These crashes comprised 58% of all passenger vehicle occupant deaths in 2020. The vehicles included cars, pickup trucks and SUVs. Not surprisingly, most of the people killed were in the front seat at the time of the crash.

Why Is a Head-On Collision So Dangerous?

When a single passenger vehicle strikes an inanimate object, such as a telephone pole or parked car, the force of the impact depends on how fast the driver is going. On the other hand, a head-on collision between two vehicles driving toward each other packs a much bigger punch. It is because the force combines the speeds of both vehicles.

Say, for example, a car traveling 30 miles per hour crashes into a wall. That’s bad enough, but two vehicles traveling toward each other, each at 30 miles per hour, double that force.

Statistically speaking, even a low-speed frontal crash can be dangerous. Compare the risk of serious injury in these two crashes: a rear-end impact and a head-on collision. One study showed that the risk of serious injury reaches 1% in a rear-end crash of about 42 miles per hour.

One percent seems pretty low, right? Consider that you have the same odds of serious injury if you are in a head-on collision at only 17 miles per hour. That’s slow, even for a busy city street.

Head-on collisions carry the highest level of injury risk compared to other crash types — even at low speeds. That is why head-on collisions are so dangerous.

What Injuries Can Happen During a Head-On Collision?

Possible injuries during a frontal crash can vary widely. A lot depends on the driver’s or passenger’s size, height and age. Factors even change with how a person’s body is positioned during the crash and how close the seat is to the steering wheel or dashboard. More variables include:

  • The presence of other passengers or objects in the car that could collide with a person
  • The use (or lack) of seat belts
  • The presence of airbags
  • The driver’s sobriety

Head and Neck Injuries

Drivers and passengers can sustain injuries to the head and neck during a frontal crash. Whiplash is a real possibility due to the sudden and forceful impact of two cars crashing into a sudden stop. Passengers may strike the windshield, steering wheel or dashboard, leading to concussions, skull fractures or traumatic brain injuries.

Spinal Injuries

The force of a head-on collision can cause spinal injuries or broken vertebrae, leading to long-lasting pain or trouble moving and walking.

Cuts and Lacerations

Broken glass and projectiles in the car can cause lacerations and bleeding.

Bruises and Broken Bones

The sudden impact of a head-on collision can lead to bruising as passengers strike the door, steering wheel, dashboard or other objects in the car. Bones can break in the impact of a collision, especially in the lower extremities. The force of hitting the dashboard can bruise or break bones in the hip, knee and thigh.

Foot and Ankle Injuries

Smaller drivers are more likely to sustain ankle and foot fractures. Their positioning relative to the floorboards and pedals leaves them more susceptible to injury.

Internal Injuries

The impact of a head-on collision can inflict damage to organs, including the lungs, heart, liver and spleen.

How Do Head-On Collisions Happen?

A driver can swerve to avoid debris or an animal in the road, or a mechanical failure can cause a driver to lose control. These circumstances can put their vehicle in the path of another car. However, drivers can also end up on the wrong side of the road when they are:

Do You Need a Lawyer After a Head-On Collision?

New York is a no-fault state regarding motor vehicle accidents. If you have insurance in a no-fault state, your insurance company pays the expenses you incur regardless of who caused the accident.

The no-fault law is a benefit to those who carry insurance. You have coverage for hospital bills, lost wages and medical equipment.

Your Expenses May Exceed the Minimum Coverage

The minimum required insurance coverage can run out before you finish paying your expenses. If this happens, one option is to bring a claim against the responsible party to recover the costs exceeding your coverage.

When No-Fault Insurance Doesn’t Apply

Some things fall outside the scope of no-fault insurance. It does not apply to property damage. You can make a claim against the at-fault party if your vehicle is damaged or totaled.

Serious injuries also fall outside the realm of no-fault insurance in New York. If another driver caused the head-on collision you were in, and you are seriously injured, you can file a claim against the driver.

Serious Injury Under New York Law

New York law defines a serious injury as:

  • Death
  • Dismemberment or serious disfigurement
  • Loss of a fetus
  • A fracture
  • Permanent loss or limitation of the use of a body organ or system
  • A serious long-term injury

You can hold the at-fault driver liable if you have serious injuries, as the New York laws define them. You can do this through a third-party insurance claim or personal injury lawsuit.

Categories For Which You Can Receive Compensation

You can pursue compensation for all loss categories if your injuries qualify as serious as defined by state law. These categories include non-economic damages such as:

  • Pain and suffering
  • Psychological trauma
  • Emotional distress
  • Loss of enjoyment of life
  • Loss of activities

Hiring an Attorney To Help With Your Claim

The no-fault insurance law in New York can sometimes make things easier. However, many circumstances go beyond what no-fault insurance covers.

Any car accident can shake you up, even in the best-case scenario. A head-on collision is especially precarious because it is one of the most severe car accidents. You have a high probability of injury, even at low speeds.

Hopefully, you can get through a head-on collision with minimal trouble. There is a good chance, though, that you can benefit from the help of an attorney. You might not know whether the law considers your injuries serious. You may also need assistance filing a claim for property damage.

Rely on Cellino Law After a Head-On Collision

Cellino Law attorneys have experience dealing with head-on car accidents. They can help you determine whether you have a claim against the responsible party.

You can receive a free consultation to ask questions and learn about your options. Call our office today or complete our online form. We’re ready to help you.



Free Case Review



  • I am so grateful for your expertise, patience, and perseverance which resulted with such a successful settlement regarding my car accident. I also want to let you know how impressed I was with you and your firm and I won't hesitate to recommend you to anyone who needs assistance from an accident. I truly appreciated your care and professionalism. Thank you again for your kindness and support


  • Joe and I just wanted to send you this note thanking you for the professional way you handled our lawsuit. Your kindness was extremely appreciated in a very difficult time. When we found out the people that caused the accident had no insurance, we thought our chances of receiving any settlement was nonexistent. Once we met with you and released you were able to help us our minds were put at ease. Your aggressive manner of handling the case exceeded our expectations. Please feel free to use us as a reference. Thank you so much and best wishes,

    Danielle and Joe

  • Now that reality has set in, I want to thank you for all your work and assistance in obtaining my settlement for the pelvic mesh. This money will make my life so much easier in the future. Medicare just isn't sufficient. I know that I will have enough to live on. I truly appreciate of your efforts. Thank you!


  • We'd like to thank you for all the assistance and time you spent on our case. Your professionalism and honesty will always be appreciated. The staff was always courteous and we were always impressed with your accountability. Your passion and dedication will never be forgotten, nor will you.


  • Mark Kochanowicz is from far the best attorney you can have. Mark treats you like a friend more than a client. He truly cares and go the extra mile for you and your case, contacts you to update you in regards to your case and keep you informed at all times. Mark represented me twice and settled my cases for way more than I expected. I highly recommend Mark Kochanowicz because he is just the best on what he does!!! Thank you Mark!!!!


  • I am writing this letter to say how much I appreciate your services pertaining to my case. Your injury attorney took a hands-on approach and left me fully informed at all times as to where my case was going as well as how much ground we had to cover; leaving the final decisions in my hands but making sure that I knew all of the risks involved in the choices. I have dealt with a few law firms in my life on various different cases and this is the first time that I never had to call and/or track down my lawyer… because of this, I have and will continue to recommend Cellino Law to my friends and associates.